Microéconomie et macroéconomie – Microeconomics and Macroeconomics – Microeconomía y macroeconomía

Microeconomics_macroeconomics

La microéconomie est la « [b]ranche de l’économie qui étudie les comportements individuels des sujets économiques ».

Par contre, la macroéconomie est la « [b]ranche de l’économie étudiant les grandes structures et les phénomènes économiques globaux ».

Source: « microéconomie et macroéconomie  », Antidote HD, version 6.1  [Logiciel], Montréal, Druide informatique, 2012.

microeconomics

While doing research for the terms microeconomics and macroeconomics I found a good article from Investopedia that makes a clear contrast between both terms:

Microeconomics is the study of decisions that people and businesses make regarding the allocation of resources and prices of goods and services. This means also taking into account taxes and regulations created by governments. Microeconomics focuses on supply and demand and other forces that determine the price levels seen in the economy. For example, microeconomics would look at how a specific company could maximize it’s production and capacity so it could lower prices and better compete in its industry.

Macroeconomics, on the other hand, is the field of economics that studies the behavior of the economy as a whole and not just on specific companies, but entire industries and economies. This looks at economy-wide phenomena, such as Gross National Product (GDP) and how it is affected by changes in unemployment, national income, rate of growth, and price levels. For example, macroeconomics would look at how an increase/decrease in net exports would affect a nation’s capital account or how GDP would be affected by unemployment rate. ”

Source: Investopedia. Web. 2 Mar. 2014.

macroeconomics

En español, la microeconomía bien podría caber en la siguiente definición:

“Parte de la ciencia económica que estudia los fenómenos económicos desde el punto de vista de las unidades económicas elementales: empresa, hogar, etc. La microeconomía se preocupa de analizar estructuras de mercado, fijación de costos y precios, niveles de producción de máxima eficiencia y curvas de oferta y demanda entre otros”.

La macroeconomía, sin embargo, cabe en una definición mucho más corta:

“Estudio de los sistemas económicos como un todo, empleando magnitudes colectivas o globales”.

Fuente: TermiumPlus. Web. 2 Mar. 2014.

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